Indonesia has 9.2 million hectares of mangroves. As a small island, Bali is prone to erosion, but protection of its vast beaches and mangrove forests have helped save much land. It located near Benoa Harbor at Suwung Kauh, 21 km south of Denpasar. The mangrove forests are known as a greater forest park . The park initially had coverage of about 1,700 hectares, but the road works and other public facilities have reduced to 1,100 hectares.
Mangroves are an assemblage of different species of trees or bushes which grow in saline, intertidal areas. The mangrove forest vegetation in Indonesia is classified into two categories genuine and association mangroves. The genuine mangroves are categorized into 34 major and 0 minor types, while the association mangroves consist of 60 varieties. Out of that, more than 30 mangrove varieties grow along Bali 's beaches.
The greater mangrove forest park had various benefits. Aside from its biological function, it contributed greatly to the economic and conservation sectors. Certain species of fish and crab use mangroves to seek food and protection. Fishermen are also able to make a living from the animals they catch there. The park has also been developed as a recreation site park has been a part of objects offered to tourists in the city tour. Aside from its fresh air, the visitors have the chance to see various birds, monitor lizards and snakes. Visitors can walk along a raised wooden track or travel by boat and canoe.